What is Dyslexia?

  • Dyslexia is a term used to describe a specific learning disability in basic reading skills and/or reading fluency. The Texas Education Code (TEC) §38.003 defines dyslexia and related disorders in the following way: “Dyslexia” means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity. “Related disorders” include disorders similar to or related to dyslexia, such as developmental auditory imperception, dysphasia, specific developmental dyslexia, developmental dysgraphia, and developmental spelling disability.

    The student who struggles with reading and spelling often puzzles teachers and parents. The student displays the ability to learn in the absence of print and receives the same classroom instruction that benefits most children; however, the student continues to struggle with some or all of the many facets of reading and spelling. This student may be a student with dyslexia.

    Characteristics of dyslexia include difficulties with: 

    • Identifying and recalling the names of alphabet letters, numbers, and familiar objects
    • Mapping sounds to letters
    • Auditory memory for rhymes, songs, and chants
    • Blending, segmenting, and manipulating sounds in words
    • Reading words in isolation or reading unknown words
    • Reading fluency
    • Spelling
    • Vocabulary acquisition due to reduced independent reading
    • Reading comprehension
    • Written production



    Consultations and technical assistance are available to support districts in developing dyslexia programs in compliance with state and federal guidelines.


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